Cross Appointed with First Nations Studies & the Department of Family Medicine
I am a First Nation scholar who has trained primarily in health geography. Both from a personal and academic perspective, I am deeply concerned with the current health and social inequalities endured by Indigenous Canadians, and the contributions of environmental change to these realities.
My research draws from various methods to examine the social and environmental determinants of Indigenous health, and to better understand the dimensions linking health and place among Indigenous peoples in Canada and around the world. I have research interests in the ways that social, environmental, economic and political processes – broadly defined - work to affect the environments within which Indigenous peoples live. I am particularly interested in understanding how these environments shape access to, and the quality of, social determinants of Indigenous health.
I currently have two on-going community-based projects with First Nation communities in Ontario.
The first is a CIHR-funded project designed to preserve local Indigenous Knowledge among Anishinabe youth and elders on Northern Lake Superior. This project bridges researchers from UWO and Lakehead U with community collaborators from three First Nation communities on Lake Superior (Red Rock Indian Band, Ojibways of the Pic River First Nation, and the Batchewana First Nation of Ojibways). The objective of the project is to create multiple sites of knowledge transfer between Elders, Youth, Community collaborators and University partners – the aim being to preserve local knowledge and use it in tangible ways to protect local environments and improve health.
The second project is funded by the Heart & Stoke Foundation of Ontario to describe dietary patterns and better understand the social determinants of food choice among First Nation people in London and at a nearby reserve. This project is a collaborative effort of University partners (Western, Toronto) and Dietitians and other staff at the Southwest Ontario Aboriginal Health Access Centre (SOAHAC). SOAHAC has identified issues such as low income, access to transportation and lone parent family status to be linked in significant ways to food security among some of their clients. In this study, we are using both survey & interview methods to better understand the social and environmental determinants that underlie dietary patterns and food choices.
Tobias, J.K., Richmond, C.A.M. and Luginaah, I. 2013 'Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) with Indigenous Communities: Producing Respectful and Reciprocal Research' Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics 8(2): 129-140
Richmond C.A.M., Smith, D. and The Wabano Centre for Aboriginal Health 2012 'Sense of Belonging in the Urban School Environments of Aboriginal Youth' International Indigenous Policy Journal 3(1)
Finkelstein, S., Forbes, D. and Richmond, C.A.M. 2012 'Formal Dementia Care among First Nations in Southwestern Ontario' Canadian Journal on Aging 31(3): 257-270
Richmond, C.A.M. and Smith,
D. 2012 'Sense of Belonging in the Urban School Environments of
Aboriginal Youth' The International Indigenous Policy Journal
Richmond, C. and Wilson, K. 2011 'La Santé des Peuples Automchtones / The Health of Indigenous Peoples' in Santé et Geographie Nouveaux Regards par S. Fleuret and A.C. Hoyez (Economica Anthropos: Paris) 115-126
Kulmann, K.A. and Richmond C.A.M. 2011 'Addressing the persistence of Tuberculosis Among the Canadian Inuit Population: The need for a social determinants of health framework' International Indigenous Policy Journal 2(1): 1-16
Zhou, A.W., Boshart, S., Seelisch, J., Eshaghian, R., McLeod, R., Nisker, J., Richmond, C.A.M. and Howard, J.M. 2011 'Efficacy of a 3-hour Aboriginal health teaching in the medical curriculum: Are we changing student knowledge and attitudes?' Health Education Journal
Richmond, C.A.M. 2009 'The social determinants of Inuit health: A focus on social support in the Canadian Arctic' International Journal of Circumpolar Health 68 (5): 471-487
Richmond, C., Dockstator, M.S. and Beavon, D. 2009 'One Path, Many Directions: The Complex and Diverse Nature of Contemporary Aboriginal Reality' Canadian Diversity 7(3): 3-4
Richmond, C.A.M. and Ross, N.A. 2009 'The determinants of First Nation and Inuit health: A critical population health approach' Health and Place 15(2): 403-411
Richmond, C. 2008 'Explaining the paradox of health and social support among Aboriginal Canadians' Canadian Issues Winter: 65-71
Richmond, C. and Ross, N.A. 2008 'Social support, material circumstance and health behaviour: Influences on health in First Nation and Inuit Communities of Canada' Social Science and Medicine 67: 1423-1433
Richmond, C., Ross, N.A. and Egeland, G.M. 2007 'Societal resources and thriving health: A new approach for understanding the health of Indigenous Canadians American Journal of Public Health. 97(10): 1827-1833
Richmond, C. 2007 'Narratives of Social Support and Health in Aboriginal Communities' Canadian Journal of Public Health 98(4): 347-351
Frohlich, K., Ross, N.A. and Richmond, C. 2006 'Health disparities in Canada today: Some evidence and a theoretical framework' Health Policy 79(2-3): 132-143
Richmond, C., Elliott, S.J., Mathews, R. and Elliott, B. 2005 'The political ecology of health: Perceptions of environment, economy, health and well-being among 'Namgis First Nation' Health and Place 11(4): 349-365
Chapters in Books
Wilson K., Richmond, C.A.M and Snyder M (Forthcoming) 'Indigenous Health' in Encyclopedia of Health, Illness, Behaviour and Society (Wiley-Blackwell)
Richmond, C. and Wilson, K. 2011 'La santé de gens Indigènes' in Santé et Géographie, Nouveaux Regards ed Sébastien Fleuret et Anne-Cécile Hoyez 63-80
Beavon D., Richmond C. and Dockstator, M. 2010 'Editorial: One Path, Many Directions: The Complex and Diverse Nature of Contemporary Aboriginal Reality' Canadian Diversity
Richmond C. and Big-Canoe, K. 2010 'The social determinants of Aboriginal health: Defining a research Agenda for Canada’s Urban Population' in Aboriginal Policy Research: Urban Perspectives ed J. White, J. Peters, D. Beavon and P. Dinsdale (Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishing)
Wilson, K. and Richmond, C. 2009 'Indigenous Health and Medicine' in International Encyclopedia of Human Geography ed R. Kitchin and N. Thrift (Oxford: Elsevier Limited) 5: 365-370
Richmond, C., Ross, N.A. and Bernier, J. 2007 'Exploring Indigenous concepts of health: The Dimensions of Métis and Inuit Health' in Aboriginal Policy Research: Directions and Outcomes Volume 4 ed J. White, D. Beavon, S. Wingert and P. Maxim (Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishing) 3-13
|Current||Preserving Knowledge, Protecting Health: Community-based Participatory Action Research with Anishnabe Communities on Northern Lake Superior|
|2012||Intimate partner violence (IPV) and the social determinants of Aboriginal people's health: A case study of First Nation's women's resilience, resistance and renewal|
|K. Kulmann||2012||"We should be listening to our Elders": Evaluation of transfer of Indigenous knowledge between Anishinable youth and Elders|
|K. Big-Canoe||2011||Indigenous Knowledge, Social Relationships and Health: Community-based Participatory Research with Anishinabe Youth at Pic River First Nation|
|2010||Formal Dementia Care Among First Nations|
|2010||Embodied political ecologies of health: Examining the relationship between alcohol misuse and hepatitis in the Upper West Region of Ghana|